I have been looking on how to calculate exponent or power in Bash, but most website or blog will show the calculation by using bc (a command line calculator)
I prefer not to use bc in my script, as it is a dependency to another application.
Luckily, I found this blog after searching the Internet for few hours. http://blog.sanctum.geek.nz/calculating-with-bash/
In essence, if you want to calculate exponent or power in Bash, just use this notation:
Gigabyte is 1024^3. In bash notation:
gigabytes=$((bytes / (1024**3)))
[user@server]$ echo $((10737418240/(1024**3)))
Bear in mind that bash calculation only return round number.
Happy scripting :)